Marijuana is created from the shredded and dried portions of the cannabis plant, including the flowers, seeds, leaves, and stems. It’s also known as pot, weed, hash, and dozens of other titles. When many people smoke or vape it, you might also consume marijuana as an ingredient in food, brewed tea, or oils.
Different methods of taking the drug might affect your body otherwise. When you inhale marijuana smoke into your lungs, the medication is rapidly released into your blood and makes its way to your brain and other organs. It takes a little longer to feel the effects if you eat or drink marijuana.
People report various physical and mental effects, from harm and distress to pain relief and comfort.
Here is what happens to your body when this drug enters your blood.
Marijuana can be utilised in some countries for medical reasons, and in a number of areas, recreational use is legal as well. No matter how you use marijuana, the drug can cause immediate and long-term effects, such as changes in perception and increased heart rate. Over time, smoking marijuana may cause chronic cough and other wellness issues.
The effects of marijuana on the body are often immediate. Longer-term effects may depend on how you take it, how much you use, and how frequently you use it. The exact effects aren’t easy to determine because marijuana has been illegal in the U.S., making studies difficult and expensive to conduct.
But in recent years, the medicinal properties of marijuana are gaining public acceptance. As of 2017, 29 says plus the District of Columbia have legalized medical marijuana to some extent. The National Institutes of HealthTrusted Source funded research into the potential medicinal uses of THC and CBD, which remains continuing.
With the potential for increased recreational use, knowing the effects that marijuana can have in your body is as important as ever. Keep reading to see how it affects each and every system on your body.
Much like tobacco smoke, marijuana smoke consists of an assortment of toxic chemicals, including ammonia and hydrogen cyanide, which can irritate your bronchial passages and lungs. If you are a regular smoker, you’re more likely to wheeze, cough, and produce phlegm. You’re also at an increased risk of bronchitis and lung ailments. Marijuana can aggravate existing respiratory disorders, such as asthma and cystic fibrosis.
Marijuana and COPD: Is there a link?
Marijuana smoke contains carcinogens, so it might increase your risk of lung cancer too. However, studies on the topic have had mixed results. More research is needed.
THC moves out of your lungs into your blood and throughout your body. Within minutes, your heart rate may rise by 20 to 50 beats per minute. That rapid heartbeat can continue for up to three hours. If you have cardiovascular disease, this could raise your risk of heart attack.
One of the telltale signs of recent marijuana use is bloodshot eyes. The eyes appear red because marijuana causes blood vessels in the eyes to expand.
THC can also lower pressure in the uterus, which can ease symptoms of glaucoma for a few hours. More research is necessary to understand the active ingredients in marijuana and if it is a fantastic treatment for glaucoma.
What’s the impact of cannabis on health?
In the long term, marijuana has a potential positive effect in your circulatory system. ResearchTrusted Source isn’t conclusive yet, but marijuana may help block the growth of blood vessels that feed cancerous tumors. Opportunities exist in both cancer prevention and treatment, but more research is needed.
The effects of marijuana extend through the central nervous system (CNS). Marijuana is thought to ease pain and inflammation and help control spasms and seizures. Still, there are some long-term negative effects on the CNS to take into account.
THC activates your brain to release large amounts of dopamine, a naturally occurring”feel good” chemical. It’s what gives you a nice high. It might heighten your sensory perception and your perception of time. In the hippocampus, THC alters how you process information, so your judgment may be impaired. The hippocampus is responsible for memory, so it could also be tough to form new memories when you are high.
Changes also take place in the cerebellum and basal ganglia, brain areas that play roles in motion and equilibrium. Marijuana can alter your balance, coordination, and reflex response. These changes mean that it’s not safe to drive.
Very large doses of marijuana or high concentrations of THC can cause hallucinations or delusions. More research is necessary to comprehend the connection. You might want to prevent marijuana if you have schizophrenia, as it may make symptoms worse.
When you come down from the high, you may feel tired or a bit sad. In some people, marijuana can cause anxiety. Approximately 30 percent of marijuana users develop a marijuana use disorder. Addiction is considered rare, but very real.
In people younger than 25 years, whose brains have not yet fully grown, marijuana can have a lasting effect on memory and thinking processes. Using marijuana while pregnant can also have an impact on the brain of your unborn baby. Your child may have difficulty with memory, concentration, and problem-solving abilities.
Smoking marijuana can cause some burning or stinging in your throat and mouth as you’re inhaling.
Marijuana may cause digestive issues when taken orally. For example, oral THC can lead to nausea and vomiting due to the way it’s processed on your liver. It could also damage your liver.
Conversely, marijuana has also been used to alleviate symptoms of nausea or upset stomach.
An increase in your appetite is common when taking any form of marijuana, leading to what many call”the munchies.” This is regarded as a benefit for people being treated with chemotherapy for cancer. For others who want to lose weight, this effect could be considered a disadvantage.
THC may adversely affect your immune system. StudiesTrusted Source involving animals showed that THC might damage the immune system, making you more vulnerable to diseases. Further research is required to fully understand the effects.